pyrotec clinical no. 1/5

Emission standards


Maximum concentration limits

UK EPA PG5/1 (95) and / or IPR 5/2


30 mg/m

Organic compounds

20 mg/m

Carbon monoxide

50 mg/m daily average -
100 mg/m half hourly average

Nitrogen dioxide

350 mg/m

Sulphur dioxide

300 mg/m

Hydrogen fluoride

2.0 mg/m

Hydrogen chloride

30 mg/m


0.1 mg/m


0.1 mg/m

Heavy metals

1.0 mg/m

Dioxins furans TEQ

1.0 mg/m

Note :-

(i) Concentrations expressed at 273K, 101.3Pa, 11% O2 dry gas.
(ii) Heavy metals total of arsenic, chromium, copper, lead, manganese, nickel and tin.



Boiler output



Hot water KW

Steam Kg/Hr


























Note :-

Burning capacities are based on waste having a calorific value of 4,000 KCal/Kg.
Our specifications are subject to alteration due to our continuous product improvement policy.


The Pyrotec C is a modern incinerator designed to burn solid waste in a clean and environmentally safe manner. Using the Pyrolytic principles of combustion, it is particularly suited for a wide range of waste material. This model is specifically for burning clinical waste from hospitals and research centres and is equipped with the necessary sophistication of control, secondary chamber volume, and gas cleaning equipment to satisfy the most stringent environmental standards. The combustion chamber arrangement is a multiple stepped hearth, with waste loading taking place at the highest level. Each hearth has an evacuation ram to manoeuvre the residue through the chamber and finally into the ash treatment zone. This design enables continuous operation during a 24 hour period with automatic ash removal during the cycle.


C150, C250, C500, C750, and C1000. Larger models and special purpose incinerators are available and designed to satisfy customer specification.


United Kingdom - Environmental Protection Act PG5/1 (95), or IPR5/2. Or with additional equipment to EU Hazardous Waste and Non-Hazardous Waste Directive. Secondary Chamber residence time :- 2.0 seconds at 1,000C to 1,200C

waste type

Clinical waste - calorific value 4,000 KCal/Kg, density 50 to 100 Kg/m.


Mild steel fabricated construction using 6mm, 8mm and 10mm steel plate suitably braced and stiffened.


Primary chamber - hot face material 1,400C quality 115/150mm thick, backed by 76mm of Calcium silicate insulation. Secondary chamber - hot face material 1,600C quality 76/150mm thick, backed by 76/115mm Calcium silicate insulation.


Natural gas, LP gas or 35 seconds fuel oil.


Automatic package burners complete with electric ignition and flame failure control complete with all necessary valves, motors and integral continuous running fan. Automatically temperature controlled to provide optimum combustion conditions, secondary chamber temperatures and fuel economy. The number and capacity of primary and secondary burners will be designed to suit the duty and incinerator model.


All combustion and cooling air is provided by automatically controlled centrifugal fans which provide air to nozzles strategically located throughout the combustion chambers to ensure optimum conditions.

preheated combustion air

A heat exchanger beyond the secondary combustion chamber provides preheated combustion air for use in the primary and secondary combustion chambers to maximise efficiency and minimise auxiliary fuel usage.


Two coats of primer followed by two coats of enamel finish in burgundy.

control panel

Automatic control system built to IEC Standards incorporating PLC controller and SCADA system to provide all the necessary automatic plant functions and incorporating the following sequences.

1. Preheat
2. Burn cycle with continuous burn down
3. Automatic loading
4. Continuous ash removal
5. Cycled cool down and stop for off periods
6. Ash removal

The control panel will be equipped with a VDU and keyboard showing operating status of the plant together with indication of the primary and secondary chambers and exhaust temperatures.


Particulate monitor, Carbon monoxide and Oxygen monitor. Additional monitors for Nitrous oxide, Sulphur dioxide, HCI and VOCs will be provided, as demanded by legislation.


380/440 Volt. 3 phase. 50/60Hz.

loading door

Vertical lifting, hydraulically operated, sized to suit ram loading machine.


Hydraulically powered automatic fully sequenced ram loader designed to operate in unison with the incinerator operation having a programmable time and temperature sequence to ensure maximum throughput. Water sprays around the loader throat for ram plate quenching.

waste handling

Waste bin tipping systems to suit 500, 660 and 1,100 litre bins designed to empty directly into the ram loader.

gas cleaning equipment

Gases from the heat recovery system are cooled to temperatures compatible with the dry gas cleaning system. The dry gas cleaning system is designed to remove contaminants from the gas stream to within specified limits using proven filtration techniques. To achieve the required degree on contaminant removal a sorbent reagent and activated carbon are introduced into the gas stream, the intimate mixing and long residence time promoted in the reaction chamber maximises absorbtion efficiencies prior to the removal of solid materials in the filtration unit. Gases pass into the filter unit and flow through a series of elements, dust particles and entrained reagent are captured on the elements, clean gases flow through to the induced draught fan and exhausted into the chimney. Removal of captured solids from the filter is by reverse jet action initiated by pressure sensors, the solid residue is discharged into a sealed skip. Ancillary equipment provided includes sorbent and activated carbon storage and transfer systems.

ash removal

Integral ash ram, hydraulically operated and automatic in operation together with ash treatment zone allows for continuous ash removal throughout the burning cycle. Ashes may be discharged directly into sealed skips compatible with road transport vehicle or conveyed to remotely located skips.

heat recovery

Waste heat recovery boiler designed to generate hot water or steam is located between the outlet from the secondary combustion chamber and the gas cleaning system to recover energy from the hot incineration gases and reduce the gas temperature to be compatible with the gas cleaning system. Should there be no demand for energy recovery, the gases will be cooled using a heat exchanger system with air blast cooling heat dissipator.

copyright 2003, Tectrol SRL.
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